top of page


Mechanical energy storage




Mechanical energy storage
Cross-cutting (Specifically: Hybridization of technologies)



Contact person 1:

Marcos Lafoz

Contact person 2:

Óscar Izquierdo



TRL Level:

4-6, Above

Download the full document


The infrastructure comprises two complementary facilities for characterization, validation and integration into electric grids of hybrid energy storage technologies, one main facility (TRL6-7) and one complementary testing facility to complete its functionality (TRL4-5). On the one hand, HESINT includes a multifunctional test bench based on power electronics with possibility to connect three different technologies of electric energy storage (batteries, supercapacitors and flywheels, for instance), connecting them to the electric grid. Additionally, a power generation emulator based on hardware-in-the-loop scheme is able to reproduce any generation or load profile in real time. On the other hand, HESINT comprises an experimental microgrid based on a 4.2km electric ring of 15 kV with a total installed generation power of 230 kW based on renewable energy sources (wind and solar PV power) with the possibility to work isolated from the general grid, transformed in a grid with different characteristics of P/f and Q/U response, provided by power electronic equipment, behaving as different electric grids. Several energy storage resources are also available of significant power range: pumped-hydro, Lithium and Pb batteries, flywheel and supercapacitors. The experimental grid is completely instrumented and fully controllable. The facility is complemented with a multifunctional test bench based on power electronics to characterize and validate hybrid energy storage systems as well as their control strategies and grid codes compliance. TRL 5 to TRL7 can be demonstrated.

bottom of page